We fabricated a single active layer quantum dot light-emitting diode device based on colloidal CdSe (core)/CdS (arm) tetrapod nanostructures capable of simultaneously producing room temperature electroluminesence (EL) peaks at two spectrally distinct wavelengths, namely, at ∼500 and ∼660 nm. This remarkable dual EL was found to originate from the CdS arms and CdSe core of the tetrapod architecture, which implies that the radiative recombina-tion of injected charge carriers can independently take place at spatially distinct regions of the tetrapod. In contrast, control experiments employing CdSe-core-seeded CdS nanorods showed near-exclusive EL from the CdSe core. Time-resolved spectroscopy measurements on tetrapods revealed the presence of hole traps, which facilitated the localization and subsequent radiative recombination of excitons in the CdS arm regions, whereas excitonic recombination in nanorods took place predominantly within the vicinity of the CdSe core. These observations collectively highlight the role of morphology in the achievement of light emission from the different material components in heterostructured semiconductor nanoparticles, thus showing a way in developing a class of materials which are capable of exhibiting multiwavelength electroluminescence.